Learn from international experience to promote the

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Learn from international experience to promote the sustainable development of China's IC industry

the first transistor was born in Bell Laboratories in 1947, opening a new era in the development of electronic information technology t= (p/f) *sin a yuan. In 1958, Texas Instruments and Fairchild successfully developed the world's first integrated circuit. For half a century, the rise of microelectronic technology and integrated circuit industry has greatly promoted the development of information industry and promoted economic prosperity and social progress. Nowadays, chips, microprocessors, memories and other integrated circuit products are no longer technical terms, but something closely related to people's daily life; Moore's law, foundry, fabless, and IDM, which are commonly used in the profession, have become the daily discussions in the field of social economics. Nowadays, integrated circuit technology has entered the era of nanotechnology. In 2007, 45nm technology entered mass production. According to the international semiconductor technology roadmap, it will reach 16nm around 2018. The hot topics discussed in the IC industry in recent years: System on chip (SOC), immersion lithography and next-generation lithography technology, Fab Lite, megafab, etc., reflect the current technological progress and enterprise transformation of the global IC industry

after decades of development, China's integrated circuit industry has experienced exploratory development in the initial stage and after the reform and opening up. Since 2000, encouraged by the huge domestic integrated circuit market and the No. 18 document of the State Council, the industry has shown vigorous vitality and entered a period of rapid growth. From 2000 to 2007, the average annual growth rate of integrated circuit sales revenue exceeded 30%, the highest in the world in the same period; The technical level has been improved rapidly, and the design and manufacturing technology has increased from 0.35 microns to 90 nanometers, leaping four generations. 65 nanometers has also been introduced into production, and many types of advanced integrated circuit products have been designed, developed and manufactured; Advanced packaging technologies such as FBP planar bump packaging and MCP multi chip packaging have been successfully developed and put into production; The self-developed 8-inch 100 nanometer plasma etcher and large angle ion implanter are used in the production line. The solar photovoltaic cell industry and LED industry are booming. In 2006, the scale of the domestic integrated circuit industry exceeded 100 billion yuan for the first time, becoming a hot spot in the industry at home and abroad. It is expected to reach 130 billion yuan in 2007

China's semiconductor industry has a certain development foundation, but there is still a big gap compared with the advanced level of foreign countries, and it is facing many severe challenges. First, the ability of independent innovation is insufficient, manufacturing equipment and technology mainly rely on introduction, independent core technology is lacking, and patents and IP are restricted by people. Secondly, the contradiction between supply and demand of domestic integrated circuit products has become increasingly prominent, and high-end chips mainly rely on imports. In 2006, China's imports of integrated circuits and microelectronic components exceeded US $100 billion, higher than the imports of petroleum and petroleum products, and the reverse balance of import and export trade reached US $80billion. In 2007, according to the monthly statistics of the customs, the import and export volume increased rapidly, and the trade deficit is expected to expand. In terms of sales, the domestic market share of domestic integrated circuits in recent years is less than 20%. How to enhance the ability of independent innovation and accelerate the upgrading of manufacturing technology and equipment; How to speed up the development and innovation of integrated circuit products and improve the domestic market share of domestic integrated circuits, these two problems are acutely in front of us

the favorable conditions for the current industrial development are that the national information industry has maintained steady and rapid growth in recent years, and the domestic market demand is strong; The "outline of the national medium and long term scientific and technological development plan in" and the "outline of the Eleventh Five Year Plan for national economic and social development" are being organized and implemented. With the launch and implementation of the two special projects "core electronic devices, high-end general-purpose chips and basic software" and "extremely large scale, high cost, lack of standard" Green Express "and difficult modular integrated circuit manufacturing equipment and complete sets of processes", the construction of independent innovation system will be greatly strengthened; The industry has gathered and grown up a number of enterprise leaders and technical backbones, who have accumulated valuable experience in the growth and development of the industry. At the same time, we should also see that China's integrated circuit market has become the largest market in the world. Under the general trend of "localization of international competition and internationalization of domestic market", we should base ourselves on two markets and two resources when developing industries and grasping the market. Integrated circuit industry is an industry with strong globalization characteristics. Further deepening foreign cooperation and exchange is an important way to enhance the ability of independent innovation, coordinate the development of industrial chain, and continue to develop China's integrated circuit industry rapidly

the field of integrated circuit technology and industry is always full of vitality and attractive changes that effectively reduce the processing difficulty of CFRP reinforced composites, and there are always new opportunities in severe challenges. "Stones from other mountains can be used to attack jade." We should understand the world, study and analyze the new technologies and changes being developed abroad, and strive to learn from the advanced experience of developing integrated circuit technology and industry abroad. This time, the staff of the association compiled and published the "developing and changing global integrated circuit industry" after combing and analyzing the information and new information accumulated on their desks, with the intention of describing the new development and changes being experienced by such an industry for your reference. I think this is a useful attempt. I also hope that the publication of this report will trigger more research and discussion in the industry

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